"Water Treatment and Disinfection"
"Disinfection of Water in Ponds and Swimming Pools"
The current means of disinfection of our water supplies involves chlorine and chlorine-based solutions. It is undoubtedly effective; however, it is far from an ideal means of disinfection, especially taking into account the negative side effects that occur in humans.
It is known that 1% of chlorine that reacts with organic matter is dangerous and forms potentially carcinogenic compounds. Furthermore, chlorine causes allergies and irritation of the skin and eyes. A recent study conducted by Belgian scientists established that the volatile properties of chlorine, when tested in ponds, are very harmful to lungs. During chronic exposure-both in children and in adults - specific proteins levels were measured in the blood, serving as the index for the damage to the pulmonary cloth. According to the results, the frequency of the visit to pond is directly related with the level of these proteins. In children, who regularly attended the pond, the results of the experiment were the same as long term smokers. An increased concentration of these proteins was also found in people who were in the water for long durations of time.
Therefore, scientists from around the world have, with variable success, searched for safe replacements of the chlorine and chlorine-based preparations used for the disinfection of water, including the water in swimming pools.
As the market research exemplifies for the proposed solutions, the most successful is found by the specialists at the company “Soft Protector”, for which it was possible to create the new generation polymeric disinfectant known as Teflex. The Teflex (basic) solution is recommended for the disinfection of water in swimming pools and other reservoirs where water closed and open.
The novelty of Teflex (Basic) consists in the following:
- universal (it substitutes chlorine based disinfectants, algaecide and other residual coatings);
- highly economical;
- absolutelly safe to use.
Based on laboratory and commercial testing, specialists concluded that in comparison with the traditional means of disinfecting water, Teflex possesses a strong bactericidal (against cryptogamous bacteria and tuberculosis), virucidal (against the hepatitis viruses, and HIV infection) and fungicidal (against candidacies, Candida albicans) effects. Teflex is also effective in the long term with no carcinogenic effect whatsoever.
In addition, it has a strong residual effect against substances that influence water clarity; it is required in only small quantities; it is easy to use and store; and it poses no danger to human beings, animals, plants or the environment. Teflex does not harm the surface that it is being applied to and it is available at an affordable price. Most importantly, Teflex guarantees results.
What mechanism of bactericidal action does Teflex possess?
Since all microorganisms possess negative summary ionic charge, it is possible for them to attract the cation of the Teflex molecule. Once the positively charged guanidine groups come into contact with the membrane of the microorganism, they penetrate through to the inside of the cell, where they block the biological activity of the microorganism, thus preventing the replication of nucleic acids and the functions of the respiratory system. This ultimately leads to the complete destruction of the cells membrane and the death of the cell.
One additional remarkable aspect of the guanidine functional group, besides its biocidal properties, is its strong residual action against water contaminates which perceptibly improves water clarity. When Teflex disinfectant properties were tested in naturally flowing bodies of water and in closed ponds, its 98-100% bactericidal effect was achieved after only 10 minutes. In this case, the composition of the water changed considerably. Not only were odors removed and color restored, but, in just 10 minutes, 90% of the easily acidified organic compounds were removed and phenols were reduced to just 55% of there original concentration. Teflex not only precipitates contaminants in the water, but it also "cements them into larger granules, facilitating and optimizing the filtration process of the water.
Therefore, and this is especially related to the application of Teflex in the ponds, it is possible to replace the classical triad of water disinfection: chlorine (used for the disinfection of water), algaecide (used to fight biogrowth) and the flocculates (used for the purification of water). These factors all jeopardize the economy of the pond as well as put any animal, human being or plant at risk of harmful side effects.